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Personality and mental time travel: a differential approach to autonoetic consciousness. Conscious Cogn. Individual differences in personality traits reflect structural variance in specific brain regions. Brain Res Bull. Fiber connectivity between the striatum and cortical and subcortical regions is associated with temperaments in Chinese males. Does the amygdala response correlate with the personality trait 'harm avoidance' while evaluating emotional stimuli explicitly?

Behav Brain Funct. Cloninger CR. What makes people healthy, happy, and fulfilled in the face of current world challenges? Mens Sana Monogr. Decomposition of brain diffusion imaging data uncovers latent schizophrenias with distinct patterns of white matter anisotropy. Nucleic Acids Res. Powerful SNP-set analysis for case-control genome-wide association studies.

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Is Personality More Nature or More Nurture? Behavioral and Molecular Genetics

Socio-demographic characteristics moderate the association between DRD4 and novelty seeking. Genetic variants in the DRD2 gene moderate the relationship between stressful life events and depressive symptoms in adults: cardiovascular risk in young Finns study. Psychosom Med.

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Nat Genet. Dissecting the PhoP regulatory network of Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica.

The molecular genetic architecture of human personality: beyond self-report questionnaires.

Analysis of differentially-regulated genes within a regulatory network by GPS genome navigation. Onto-CC: a web server for identifying gene ontology conceptual clusters. PLoS Comput Biol. Biclustered independent component analysis for complex biomarker and subtype identification from structural magnetic resonance images in schizophrenia. Front Psychiatry. Beyond lumping and splitting: a review of computational approaches for stratifying psychiatric disorders. Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging. Deep NMF for speech separation. Common polygenic variation contributes to risk of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

Hundreds of variants clustered in genomic loci and biological pathways affect human height. The relationship between resilience and personality traits in doctors: implications for enhancing well-being. Download references. We thank biostatisticians Charles Gu and Miguel Angel Rubio Escudero for advice on statistical analysis, and five anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments on the paper.

Correspondence to C.

Quantitative and Molecular Genetics of Animal Personality - Chicago Scholarship

Robert Cloninger. Reprints and Permissions. Frontiers in Psychology Molecular Psychiatry Advanced search. Skip to main content. Subjects Diagnostic markers Genetics Neuroscience Psychology. Introduction Strong evidence for substantial heritability of human personality comes from family, twin, and adoption studies [ 1 ]. Subjects and methods Description of the samples Our discovery sample was the Young Finns Study, an epidemiological study of healthy Finnish children followed regularly from ages, 3—18 years to ages, 35—50 years [ 34 ].

Personality assessment All subjects completed the TCI to assess seven heritable dimensions of personality [ 23 , 47 ]. Personality health indices People at risk of unhealthy personality were identified as the bottom decile of the sum of TCI self-directedness and cooperativeness [ 48 ]. Computational procedures The cluster analyses used the validated Generalized Factorization Method, which utilizes deep non-negative matrix factorization NMF to uncover naturally occurring i.

Full size image. Table 3 The strength of the genotypic—phenotypic relationships among SNP and character sets and their corresponding health measurements Full size table. Discussion This is the first data-driven study to examine the genotypic—phenotypic architecture of human character traits, which are the self-regulatory components of personality that modulate physical, mental, and social well-being [ 48 , 65 ]. Strengths and limitations Our unbiased analytical PGMRA method used deep cluster analysis to identify association between possibly interactive sets of features instead of between individual SNPs or character traits.

Conclusions and recommendations for future research We were able to characterize and replicate the complexity of the genotypic—phenotypic risk architecture of self-regulatory character traits in three large samples. References 1. Article Google Scholar 2. Article Google Scholar 3. PubMed Google Scholar 4.

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Article Google Scholar 5. Article Google Scholar 6. Article Google Scholar 7. Article Google Scholar 8. Article Google Scholar 9. Article Google Scholar Google Scholar Article Google Scholar Download references. Ethics declarations Conflict of interest The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest. Electronic supplementary material Supplementary Information.

Maartje P. Luijk , Glenn I. Interactions between functional serotonergic polymorphisms and demographic factors influence personality traits in healthy Spanish Caucasians. Incorporating the family as a critical context in genetic studies of children: implications for understanding pathways to risky behavior and substance use. Richard Rende , Cheryl Slomkowski. Dopamine system genes associated with parenting in the context of daily hassles. Bakermans-Kranenburg , Judi Mesman.

Individual differences in allocation of funds in the dictator game associated with length of the arginine vasopressin 1a receptor RS3 promoter region and correlation between RS3 length and hippocampal mRNA. Infant attachment and stress regulation: A neurobiological study Marian J. Bakermans-Kranenburg , Marinus H. Van Ijzendoorn , Frank C. Verhulst , P.

Denissen , Geoffrey F. Accuracy and Inaccuracy in Perception Learning Objectives. Video Clip: Selective Attention. States of Consciousness An Unconscious Killing. Sleep Stages: Moving Through the Night. Sleep Disorders: Problems in Sleeping. The Heavy Costs of Not Sleeping. Opioids: Opium, Morphine, Heroin, and Codeine. Meditation Video Clip: Try Meditation. The Zygote. The Embryo. The Fetus. Cognitive Development During Childhood.

Molecular Genetics of Eye Color

Video Clip: Object Permanence. Social Development During Childhood. Physical Changes in Adolescence. Cognitive Development in Adolescence. Social Development in Adolescence. Cognitive Changes During Aging. Pavlov Demonstrates Conditioning in Dogs. The Persistence and Extinction of Conditioning. Observational Learning: Learning by Watching. Using Classical Conditioning in Advertising. Remembering and Judging. Differences between Brains and Computers. Video Clip: Kim Peek. Explicit Memory. Sensory Memory.


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Schematic Processing: Distortions Based on Expectations. Heuristic Processing: Availability and Representativeness. Salience and Cognitive Accessibility. Intelligence and Language. General g Versus Specific s Intelligences. Measuring Intelligence: Standardization and the Intelligence Quotient. The Biology of Intelligence. Is Intelligence Nature or Nurture? Psychology in Everyday Life: Emotional Intelligence. Extremes of Intelligence: Retardation and Giftedness.

Extremely Low Intelligence. Extremely High Intelligence. Sex Differences in Intelligence. Testing the Critical Period Hypothesis. Learning Language. Bilingualism and Cognitive Development. Can Animals Learn Language? Video Clip: Language Recognition in Bonobos. Emotions and Motivations. Video Clip: The Basic Emotions. The Negative Effects of Stress.


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