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Human history over the past two to four millennia has been dominated by empires, and the legacies of these empires continues to shape the contemporary world in ways that are not always recognised or fully understood.

Re-Envisioning Global Development: A Horizontal Perspective (Critical Issues in Global Politics)

Much research and writing about European colonial empires has focused on relations between them and their colonies. This book examines the phenomenon of empire from a different perspective. This innovative text elaborates an alternative ontology and way of thinking about global development during the last two centuries — one linked, not to nations and regions, but to a set of essentially trans-national relations and connections. It argues that capitalist development has, everywhere and from the start, involved—not whole nations or societies—but only sectors or geographical areas within states.

It also clarifies the nature, spatial extent, and circumstances of current globalising trends. Wide-ranging and provocative, this book is required reading for advanced level students and scholars in development studies, development economics and political science. Search all titles.

Search all titles Search all collections. More broadly, the question frustrates me because it implies that the people suffering from climate change in developing countries have to learn something, when in fact they have so much to teach us , the researchers and experts, about climate change and resilience in their local context. I sometimes feel there has been too much focus on the flow of knowledge from experts into communities and not from communities to experts.

One is not more important than the other, and there is a need to consider: how can we better integrate these different forms of knowledge?

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GDI has given me great flexibility to conduct fieldwork. That has given me crucial space to challenge any pre-existing notions or opinions, to immerse myself in the community and be open and reflective, which is key in allowing others to teach you something. Even experts can become entrenched. And inequality affects how people respond to climate change — my research looks at how those responses differ and why, and that can point to what kinds of interventions will help even out the playing field.

The majority of those affected by climate change are already poor and are likely to become poorer as a result of climate change. The Pot Gan, which is not a research project itself, but a traditional Bangladeshi folk performance that I developed in cooperation with the University of Dhaka to explore the findings of my latest research on climate change and land tenure.

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It came about because you can have an impact as a researcher if you analyse data, publish papers, disseminate your work and teach students, but I always wanted to go a step further. The Pot Gan is my attempt to give something back to the community I studied rather than parachute in, get my data and run back. My ongoing work on urban climate change resilience and vulnerability.

Most of the research is forthcoming, but broadly looks at how climate change and its impact influence land tenure and how land tenure may influence the impact of climate change.

Ethical issues

The landlord decides to undertake a really positive intervention: upgrading the house to make it more resistant to climate change, namely flooding. That might only sound like a few pints in the pub for us, but in Dhaka it may mean that the renter can no longer afford to live in that house and has to move to other housing that is even more prone to flooding.

Or they endure the rent increase, but that exacerbates a different vulnerability by raising the economic pressures they are under.


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My best days in Dhaka have always involved getting up at sunrise armed with my camera and wandering around the streets in Old Dhaka: the most captivating thing about Dhaka is simply watching life unfold in front of you. Everyone should definitely go on a walking tour with the Urban Study Group; they are a nonprofit organisation campaigning for the conservation of architectural heritage in Old Dhaka. As an economist, my best memories orbit around the exploration of an amazing city that has changed the world.

Being able to recreate the roots of the industrial revolution at the Museum of Science and Industry, visit the Cheetham Library where Karl Marx would discuss the first relationships between the proletariat and bourgeoisie. The great achievements of Richard Cobden in the field of free trade were very inspiring. The University of Manchester has also witnessed a broad global progress, being the birthplace of the first programmed computer, the workplace of Alan Turing and home of graphene.

I met Professor Armando Barrientos who was working on topics related to my research preferences. All this combined with the fact that GDI is a world class research centre with wide recognition in academic fields and multilateral agencies made it an easy choice. And I was grateful to receive the Bouldin Scholarship for my doctoral studies, funded by University of Manchester alumnus John Bouldin and his wife Elizabeth.

I was working on the evaluation of antipoverty transfer programmes in Colombia. Despite my strong empirical focus, I had an academic interest in conceptualising what I was looking at in the field and to test other hypotheses to help antipoverty programmes achieve better results.

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I am now a research fellow in the labour markets and social security division. Has your University of Manchester qualification helped you in your professional life?

During my PhD I was able to understand the global and specific contexts of antipoverty policies in developing countries. This ability has strongly helped me in the design and implementation of antipoverty transfer programmes in Latin-America, the Caribbean and some African countries.

Do you have any tips or advice for current students, particularly those who are about to graduate, for life after Manchester? For those pursuing PhDs: your research does not end with your viva or after graduation. This revealed that poor and low income people weave together dynamic portfolios of formal and informal financial services just like you and I to meet their changing needs and circumstances. It covers their trials and tribulations coping with deaths in the family and court cases and successes successful microenterprise initiatives and weddings. It covers the way they use microfinance institutions MFIs and their rich, informal financial lives.


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Do not miss them. Social mobility research has been concerned with intergenerational occupational mobility, but much of this research has concentrated on advanced market economies. However, this question is of crucial importance in the developing world, and especially in emerging economies which have undergone modernisation as they have opened up to the world economy in recent decades.

Together with my co-authors Vegard Iversen and Anirudh Krishna , I look at this question in the context of India, a country which has witnessed rapid economic, political and social change since the s. Using a nationally representative data-set — the Indian Human Development Survey of , which has detailed information on the occupations of fathers and sons, we find a relatively high degree of social mobility among urban residents in India, with around 26 per cent of sons whose fathers were in the lowest occupational class — construction workers and other labourers able to achieve the highest two occupational classes — clerical workers and professionals.

However, the degree of social mobility is far lower in rural India — only around 10 per cent of the sons of fathers in the lowest occupational class could achieve the highest two occupational classes. More disturbingly, we find significant differences in social mobility by social group in India — Dalits or Scheduled Castes and Adivasis or Scheduled Tribes are the most disadvantaged social groups in India, with high rates of poverty, and these two social groups see very low rates of social mobility as compared to forward castes in India.